technology

Before you consider building a web or mobile app, one must know the different tools developers use while developing them. The reason is that the technology stack affects the pace of creating the app or digital product. It also controls the scalability and the overall cost of the project.

There are numerous options available. Hence the choice needs to be made appropriately.

But what is a tech stack?

A Tech Stack is a set of tools developers use to build an app or any digital product like websites, software, and alike.

It is a combination of programming languages, frameworks, libraries, patterns, servers, UI/UX solutions, software, and tools used by developers.

In this article, we will see what technology stack to choose for your project?

How to Choose a Tech Stack?  

Structure-wise, the tech stack consists of two elements: Front-end or client-side and server-side or back end.

Both layers of an app are built one on top of the other, and hence a stack is created.

Front-End Tech Stack

Front-end refers to the “client-side” development. It means everything that end-users visually see first in their browser or application. Front end developers are responsible for the look and feel of a site.

Numerous technologies can be used for front-end app development. The three main front-end coding languages are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, wherein a large number of frameworks are based on JavaScript.

Now let us see how these work for both Web app and Mobile app development.

For Web

The most common language used is HTML, especially for content creation and placement, along with the positioning and ordering of page contents.

CSS is used for formatting this structured content, mainly the execution of fonts, colours, layout elements, background material, and alike.

JavaScript is used as a scripting language to provide interactivity in web pages. There are numerous libraries such as jQuery, Bootstrap, and Slick fitted into frameworks such as Angular, Vue.js, and React.js used to enhance functionality in the user interface.

For Mobile

Native, Hybrid and Cross-platform are the three different technologies used for mobile front-end.

Hybrid development uses HTML5, JavaScript, Ionic, Cordova, PhoneGap, and Xamarin.

Native app development uses programming languages such as Java and Kotlin for Android, Objective-C, and Swift for iOS.

Cross-platform development uses React Native, Xamarin, and Flutter.

Back-End Tech Stack

Back-end development refers to the server-side of the development, where the primary focus is on how the mobile app or a website works.

Back-end web development predominantly consists of three parts: a server, an application, and a database. The code written by back-end developers is what communicates the database information to the browser.

It comprises programming languages, server-side frameworks, operating systems, databases, and APIs.

Back-end developers need to be proficient in programming languages like PHP, Ruby, Python, Node.js, and Java. However, there are other programming languages and frameworks to choose from like Rails, C++, C#, and alike.

What Tech Stack to Choose? 

Now which is the right tech to choose depends on the project requirements and skills of the team that will develop it. This decision can make or break a project. Hence it is vital to do thorough research on what you intend to build and see how they were created.

You may want to consult a business analyst before deciding the tech stack that will work best for the project.

Finding a perfect tech stack is not easy. It requires considerate analysis of the business objectives, devising steps and constructing software architecture. The crux is the need for a characteristic project. You must never follow blindly any tech solutions that worked for someone else. Diverse mobile and web apps require different development tools, and there is no constant effective technology stack. Sometimes, time-proven technologies may not be enough.

Conclusion:

Iotasol is here to help; we provide businesses of different niches with business consultation and assist with your software initiatives. We will suggest to you the most appropriate tech stack that ensures successful project delivery.

About Author:

Divya Sethi, Marketing Manager at Iotasol. She has a background in digital marketing for high-tech companies with a focus on delivering superior brand experience. In her current position, she describes herself as a chief marketer and focuses her talents on creating value for customers through content development, social strategy, thought leadership, and more. She truly is an inspiring marketer who woos audiences with her digital marketing smarts.